It’s time to start thinking about what your daughter or son is going to do after Year 11.

We have therefore put together this information to help you to support them with their post-16 choices.

Their main 2 options after Year 11 are staying in education and apprenticeships (see information below).

This newsletter also tells you when the official school leaving date is and what the law says they must be doing until they are 18 years old (see the first section below).

The newsletter additionally highlights the support your daughter/son will get during Year 11 and the final section explains how you can use the information on the school website to further support them.


The official school leaving date is the last Friday of June of the school year in which they turn 16. Also, did you know that the government has increased the age that students must continue in learning? 

Year 11 students must be in some form of learning until they are 18 years old. You can choose from the following: 


  • Stay in full-time education, for example at a school or a college. 
  • Start an apprenticeship or traineeship. 
  • Spend 20 hours or more a week working (including working in a family business) or volunteering, while in part-time education or training. 

T Levels are a new level 3 qualification that more colleges and schools will be offering in the coming years.

T Levels include lots of work experience; with students spending about 20% of their time in the work place and 80% in college/school.

Students will study one vocational course and it will be equivalent to 3 A levels (check college websites for GCSE entry requirements).

These 2-year courses have been developed with employers and businesses so that the content meets the needs of industry and prepares students for work. They include a significant work placement to put learning into practice.

T Levels provide progression into employment, apprenticeships and higher education opportunities.

The number of subjects available is increasing each year and for example, include science, engineering, health, construction, education & childcare and digital design.

Click on the following college links to see which T Levels they are offering.

More information about T Levels is available on the government website

STAYING IN EDUCATION: What to study and where ?

If your daughter or son is planning on staying in education they have 2 key decisions to make:

  1. What do they want to study?
  2. Where do they want to study?

What to study? 

The first decision a student needs to make is what to study. There are lots of different subjects and courses to choose from.

Options include general qualifications and vocational qualifications.

General qualifications include A levels (students usually study 3 subjects). These qualifications prepare you for a range of different careers, rather than focusing on a specific job. Reasons for choosing A levels include being good at a subject, enjoying a subject and needing it for a future option/career.

Vocational qualifications (students usually study 1 subject). These are work-related and can give you the skills needed for a broad area of work or train you for a specific job. Courses are usually practical and involve hands-on projects. Examples of vocational courses include:

  • Engineering.
  • Sport.
  • Childcare.
  • Hair & beauty.
  • Motor vehicle studies.
  • Health & social care.
  • Business.
  • Plumbing, bricklaying and other construction courses.
  • Computing/IT (including games design).
  • Science.
  • Performing arts.
  • Animal care.

Plus there are lots more vocational courses to choose from!

Where to study? 

The second decision they need to make is where to study. For example, at Moseley School and Sixth Form, at another school that has a sixth form, a college or a specialist college.

They may want to stay at Moseley School as they know the teachers and are happy here. Alternatively, they may want a change of scenery and decide that another school or college would be better for them, or they want to do a course that isn’t available at Moseley.

If they wish to do a practical vocational course, such as motor vehicle studies, you will find that these courses are usually offered by colleges that specialise in vocational courses, such as Solihull College and South & City College (and not, for example, at sixth form colleges such as Joseph Chamberlain College, Cadbury College and Solihull 6th Form College).

There are also newer specialist colleges to consider, such as Aston University Engineering Academy (they specialise in engineering and science courses) and Birmingham Ormiston Academy (who specialise in creative, digital and performing arts courses).

It’s therefore really important that your daughter or son first decides what course or courses they want to do and then find out which schools and colleges offer them.

Follow these 4 steps to make an informed decision about what to study and where:

1. Use school and college websites to check out courses. If applying to Moseley School and Sixth Form, they can use the Moseley School website to explore sixth form courses. Go to the Moseley sixth form virtual tour to check out the Prospectus (page 10 lists all the courses available and the grades needed); the curriculum section (here you will find leaflets about the subjects on offer) and the application form. The entry requirements for level 3 courses at Moseley are 5 GCSEs at grades 4-9, including maths and English.

2. Attend school and college open days/evenings (a list has been provided to your daughter/son).

3. Apply online to schools/colleges (ideally by Christmas). Check school/college websites to see if they have an application deadline.

4. Use Google maps to check how you daughter or son would get to their chosen school/college and long it would take.

    Will GCSE grades affect the courses students can apply for ?

    Yes. To study level 3 courses (such as A levels, T Levels or BTEC extended diploma courses) students will usually need a minimum of 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9-4 (usually including maths and English).

    Some schools and colleges may want a grade 6 (or higher) to study a specific subject. For example, Moseley School requires a grade 6 in maths GCSE to study A level maths.

    Level 3 course examples (all last 2 years):

    1. A Levels (or equivalent).

    Usually study 3 subjects.

    • These qualifications prepare you for a range of different careers, rather than focusing on a specific job.
    • Can be combined with BTEC subjects that are worth 1 or 2 A levels.

    2. BTEC extended diploma

    Study 1 subject (worth 3 A levels).

    • Subjects include science, engineering, business, health & social care, childcare, IT/computing, games design, sport, public services and performing arts.
    • This is a vocational qualification. Courses are usually practical and involve hands-on projects.

    3. T Levels

    Study 1 subject (worth 3 A levels).

    • This is a vocational qualification and includes a significant work placement to put learning into practice.
    • With a T Level you spend about 20% of your time in the work place and 80% in college.
    • Courses on offer include science, engineering, health, construction, education & childcare and digital design.

    Level 2 and 1 courses (usually last for one year):

    Please note, for some courses, all students have to start at level 1 or level 2 as they have to learn the basics first e.g. motor vehicle and construction trade courses (such as plumbing and bricklaying).

    If students mainly get grades 3 or 2 in their GCSEs they could consider doing a level 2 course for one year. Level 2 options include the following:

    • Vocational courses at colleges. You can choose one vocational subject and retake maths and English GCSEs.
    • T level transition course (to prepare you for a T Level).
    • GCSE resits. Not many places offer a full programme. South & City College (Longbridge Campus) offer the following option:
    • Staying at Moseley School Sixth Form for level 2 subjects. This option involves having to study BTECs in business and health & social care; plus maths and English GCSEs.

    Level 2 example: If a student got grade 3s in their GCSEs and wanted to study health & social care, they could study the one-year BTEC level 2 health & social care course (and re-sit their maths and English GCSEs). If successful, this could then lead to the two-year BTEC level 3 extended diploma in health & social care (equivalent to 3 A levels).

    Alternatively, if their grades are lower than 3s and 2s, they may want to consider taking a level 1 vocational course for one year (plus maths and English GCSE re-sits).

    Open Days

    Going to open days is really important and will enable your daughter/son to:

    • Explore school/college campuses and to check out facilities.
    • Check which courses are available, how they are taught, how they are assessed and their entry requirements.
    • Meet subject teachers and ask questions.
    • Find out more about the application and interview process.
    • Find out about the pastoral support available.

    Year 11 students have been given a list of local college open days/evenings; but always check out school/college websites for the latest information (you usually have to book online to attend).

    College / School Interviews

    After students have applied online they will be invited to an interview, which usually takes place outside of school times. Interviews tend to focus on reasons for choosing their course(s), future ambitions and interests/hobbies. Students will also be able to discuss the content of their chosen course(s).

    Students should then be given a “conditional” offer, meaning if they get the required GCSE grades they will be accepted onto the course(s).

    Students can accept more than one offer and later decide which one they prefer.

    College / School Enrolment

    This is the final stage of getting a school and college place.

    This takes place after students get their GCSE results in August.

    Schools/colleges will explain when and how to complete their enrolment.

    Please note, failure to enrol will lead to your daughter/son losing their school/college place.

    If you haven’t previously applied to a particular college/school, it may still be possible to get a place after students receive their GCSE results. Contact the college/school to check if they still have places available.

    Did you know?

    In 2023, 95% of Moseley School Year 11 students remained in education (97.9% in 2022 and 94% in 2021).

    The top 5 most popular institutions were:

    1. Moseley School and Sixth Form

    2. South and City College

    3. Joseph Chamberlain College

    4. Solihull College

    5. Solihull Sixth Form College


    An apprenticeship is like a job and students need to demonstrate a strong interest in their chosen apprenticeship area and be ready to start a job!

    Apprenticeship entry requirements vary but many will want a GCSE grade 4-9 in maths and English. Check actual apprenticeship vacancies to see if employers are asking for specific subjects and/or grades needed.  

    Apprenticeships are competitive, so we encourage students to also apply to college for a related course. For example, if looking for a computing/IT apprenticeship, as back-up a student could apply for a full-time IT/computing college course (and they could then apply for an apprenticeship after finishing this course).

    Although apprenticeships are advertised through-out the year, ones for Year 11 students will mostly be advertised later in the school year (April/May/June onwards). However, some large employers, such as Jaguar, usually have an earlier deadline (such as December/January).

    You can search and apply for apprenticeships using the national apprenticeship website – go to

     Other useful websites are:

    Students can also check out employer websites if they have a particular employer in mind.

    The Get my first job website has produced a guide to apprenticeships for parents and carers

    Students can also apply for traineeships. A traineeship is a course with work experience that gets them ready for work or an apprenticeship. It can last from 6 weeks up to 1 year, though most traineeships last for less than 6 months. You can search and apply for traineeships using the national apprenticeship website – go to

    Did you know?

    Students that start an apprenticeship earn a salary, get paid holidays, receive training, gain qualifications and earn job-specific skills. Lots of different types of apprenticeships are available, including IT, business, engineering, health & care and construction.

    It’s also possible to get a degree by doing an apprenticeship. This is called a degree apprenticeship. Degree apprentices earn a salary and don’t have to pay university tuition fees, saving them £9,250 a year!

    Year 11 Careers Support

    The school provides the following support during Year 11 to help your daughter or son make an informed post-16 decision: 

    • A presentation from the school’s careers adviser about post-16 options. 
    • An opportunity for a 1:1/small group guidance careers interview with the school’s qualified careers adviser, Mr Silgram. 
    • Online careers support. Email Mr Silgram at  
    • Drop-in careers sessions with Mr Silgram in the library on Thursdays after school and Friday lunchtimes.
    • A presentation from a local college about apprenticeship opportunities. 
    • Careers advice and support on GCSE results day. 
    • The careers section of the school website – go to  
    use the School Website to support your daughter / son

    You can use the website to help your daughter or son to make an informed decision about what to do after Year 11.

    It includes further information about all the topics in this newsletter. There are 16 sections and you may find it helpful to check-out the following ones:

    • Options after Year 11.
    • Apprenticeships and traineeships.
    • Further education.
    • Parents and carers.
    • Useful websites and information.

    Click here to go to the careers section of the school website

    Sixth Form Applications

    Attendance matters

    Year 11 & Sixth Form Progress Evening 21st March

    School News

    Sixth Form Applications

    Attendance matters

    Year 11 & Sixth Form Progress Evening
    21st March

    School News