It’s time to start thinking about your daughter / son’s next steps after year 12. The below information is designed to help you support your daughter or son to plan their future.

The 4 main options are:

  • Higher education (university)
  • Apprenticeships
  • Finding a job
  • Taking a gap year

Use the sections below to support your daughter / son with their choices.



University options

Did you know?

A large number of graduate jobs are open to graduates of any degree discipline and specialist training for many careers starts once you have your degree.

Brian Heap writes (in his University Degree Course Offers book) that a degree course is not always a training path for a career; its purpose is also to teach students skills that can easily be adapted to different careers. That is why it is not unusual, for example, to find students who have degrees in history or languages going on to train as accountants and lawyers and many other non-scientific careers.

How do students decide what to study and where?

There are over 37,000 courses and 370 higher education institutions, so research is the key to making an informed decision about what to study and where.

Students need to complete this research by the end of Year 12 so that they are ready to apply at the start of Year 13.

Students can choose up to five courses. However, they can only choose a maximum of four courses in any one of medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or veterinary science.

Encourage your son or daughter to follow these 4 research steps:

  1. Start with the UCAS website: www.ucas.comThe course search facility informs you about all the universities that do a particular course.
  2. Then go to university websites for more in-depth course research, including grades needed, course details, how it is taught/assessed, academic facilities, reputation and graduate destinations to see what careers the students go into after their degree.
  3. Attend open days: Events and open day information Students shouldn’t apply anywhere they’ve not visited (either in-person or virtually). They need to register for open days.
  4. Then use the following useful websites for further research.
    University course ideas

    To develop course ideas students can consider the following 5 questions:

    1. Do they want to study one or more subjects they are currently doing? 
    2. Do they want to study a subject they are currently studying with something new?
    3. Do they want to study something related to one of their current subjects, but not that subject? For example, if studying sport, related courses include sports studies, sports science, PE, sports coaching, sports management, sports marketing, sports therapy, exercise science and teaching.
    4. Do they have a career in mind and need to take a specific degree? Examples include primary teaching, social work, speech & language therapy, audiology, medicine, veterinary science, pharmacy, optometry, nursing, midwifery, dentistry, radiography, optometry, physiotherapy, sport therapy and architecture.
    5. Do they want to study a general vocational course? Examples include art & design; business/finance; computing/IT; education; engineering; health & social and sport.

    Additionally, students can use the following websites to get degree ideas based on the subjects they are studying:

    • SACU: Match your A levels to degree subjects (creates an interesting course cloud).
    • Informed Choices Russell Group universities guide that helps you explore how A level choices link to future degree options, particularly at Russell Group universities.

    Did you know?

    In 2020, 98.3% of Moseley Year 13 students accepted a place at university and the 5 most popular universities were:

    1. Aston University
    2. Birmingham City University
    3. Birmingham University
    4. Wolverhampton University
    5. Coventry University

    Also, the 5 most popular course types that our Year 13 students chose to study were:

    • Science (for example, biomedical science; pharmaceutical science and mechanical engineering)
    • Business/finance (for example, business & management and accounting & finance)
    • Criminology (for example, law and also criminology, policing & investigations)
    • Health related subjects (for example, pharmacy, nursing and physiotherapy)
    • Maths
      Degree apprenticeships

      Degree Apprenticeships were launched by the government in 2015 and have been developed by businesses, universities and colleges.

      Apprentices get real on-the-job experience in their chosen profession and split their time between university study and the workplace and will be employed throughout. They gain a full bachelor’s or master’s degree from a top university while earning a wage and they don’t have to pay university tuition fees, saving them £9,250 a year!

      The UCAS website: has lots of useful information about degree apprenticeships.

      Your daughter or son can search and apply for degree apprenticeships when they are in Year 13 by using the National Apprenticeship Service website: They can also check out employer websites if they have a particular employer in mind.

      Student Finance
      • Students can apply for a Tuition Fee Loan to pay for university tuition fees (currently up-to £9,250 for full-time courses).

        Students can also apply for a Maintenance Loan, which helps to pay for living costs while studying at university, such as accommodation, food, travel and clothes. The amount you get depends on where you are living and whether you are living at home. For example, 2020 starters living at home could get up-to £7,747. Some of the loan is available to all eligible students and part of it is means-tested, so this part is dependent on household income.

        When do students have to repay their student loans?

        Repayments are linked to their income and they only make repayments when their income is over the threshold (currently £26,575 a year). If their income drops below this amount, repayments stop. Each month they pay back 9% of any income over £26,575.

        Where can I find out further information?

        This is available on the government website: This website also explains if a student is eligible to apply for student finance.

        Martin Lewis also provides very useful information on his MoneySavingExpert website: It includes “Student Loans Mythbusting – The truth about uni fees, loans & grants”.

      Year 12 and 13 careers support

      The school provides lots of support during Year 12 and Year 13 to help your daughter or son make an informed post-18 decision. Examples include:

      • An opportunity for a 1:1 careers interview with the school’s qualified careers adviser, Mr Silgram.
      • A presentation from the school’s careers adviser about post-18 options.
      • Mentoring and development opportunities, such as The Access Project.
      • University talks and presentations, including information about student finance.
      • Visit to the UCAS Convention to meet universities.
      • Visit to a university.
      • A school UCAS Day to help students start planning what to study at university and where to study.
      • Support to write their UCAS personal statement.
      • Talks from employers to raise awareness of careers and apprenticeship opportunities.
      • Careers advice and support on A level results day.
      • The careers section of the school website.
        Taking a Gap year

        Did you know?

        Reasons for students taking a gap year vary. They include:

        • Using the time to review future plans
        • To go travelling
        • To do work experience (possibly linked to their chosen course or future career plans)
        • To develop new skills
        • To earn money to fund their university place
        • To volunteer in the UK or abroad

        For more information, check out the Prospects website:

        use the School Website to support your daughter / son

        Students and parents/carers can also use the careers section of the school website to help make an informed decision about what to do after Year 13.

        It includes further information about all the topics in this newsletter. There are 13 sections; you may find it helpful to check-out the following ones:

        • Post-18 options
        • Apprenticeships and traineeships
        • Jobs and voluntary work
        • University applications
        • Useful websites and information

        Click here to link to these sections



        We would like to introduce you to the school’s new Enterprise Adviser, Isa Mutlib, who will be supporting the school to promote apprenticeships.

        Isa Mutlib is the CEO of The BAME Apprenticeship Alliance, an organisation that works with young people from communities to encourage them to consider apprenticeships as an alternative to university.

        Isa says “I’m thrilled to be an enterprise adviser for Moseley School. The opportunities now available through apprenticeships for your child are extraordinary. Nearly every single major company is offering an apprenticeship. They can get a really good job with big brand companies, gain a qualification and even a degree in many fields all whilst being paid for it and walk away with no debt. I’m excited to share more information on what apprenticeships are with you over the next 12 months.”

        Isa is also keen for parents and carers to contact him if you have questions about apprenticeships or want to know more about apprenticeships. Contact him at:

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